STEP attended a virtual meeting held by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) on 18 March to discuss potential amendments to FATF Standards Recommendation 24 and its implementation. FATF announced its intention to review this area, which may lead to a comprehensive overhaul of the system of beneficial ownership (BO), at a private sector consultative forum in November 2020.
The meeting aimed to garner additional views on the key proposals for amendment to Recommendation 24 from Designated Non-Financial Business and Professions (DNFBPs) which include lawyers, trust and company service providers, notaries and other independent legal professionals.
The principal issues for discussion included:
- The verification of BO information provided to the registry and whether a DNFBP could hold the information instead.
- Whether DNFBPs have sufficient access to the BO registries in order to identify and verify the relevant beneficial ownership information.
- Whether physical paper bearer shares are still necessary?
- How can the sector define and adequately control nominee arrangements?
- How could the process of identifying beneficial ownership be improved?
STEP noted the issue that the application of the rules around beneficial ownership is complex, which can create an ambiguous outcome due to confusion around the identification of natural persons. This confusion can lead to the rules not being applied correctly, resulting in inaccurate information being held. Licensed third parties which are obliged to hold information, such as trust companies, have a more rigorous process of identification and this could be beneficial to adopt.
STEP suggested that FATF target the accuracy of the information held, its effectiveness, and how often it is collected. It also suggested it would be preferable for jurisdictions to have multiple options, rather than the current highly prescriptive rules of identification, to ensure the accuracy of the information collected and verified. The overarching objective for review should be to strengthen the measures in place, and mitigate the obstacles to transparency and risks of misuse.
FATF confirms that it will continue to consult with the private sector and will publish a full consultation on written proposals in June. STEP will continue to keep members apprised of these developments in due course.